Born Giulio Cesare Evola to a noble Sicilian family on May 19, 1898, Baron Julius Evola took on many roles through his long and productive life. He served in World War I as an artillery officer, then became one of Italy's leading Dadaists. Shortly after dalliance in avant-garde and futurist movements, he became an occultist and embarked upon the career path of his mature work. After the first world war, he experimented briefly with hallucinogenic drugs and tantra, but later renounced both these forms of stimulation. During the early 1920s he published with the UR-group, an occult fascist society in Italy. Although he was often critical of the regime, Evola did not suffer greatly under Mussolini's fascists. During World War II, Evola volunteered with the German war effort as a translator of Masonic documents. He was injured during a Russian bombardment and confined to a wheelchair for the rest of his life. After the war, he continued to write and publish, getting arrested in 1951 for "promotion of fascism." He died on June 11, 1974.